What is Gum Disease? Can it be treated in Reading?
Gum disease is inflammation of the gums (gingivae) and damage to the bone that anchors teeth in the jaws. Gum disease is very common, affecting more than half of adults with natural teeth. It can be treated by a dentist or hygienist and, in the early stages, the effects can be reversed. Dr Bk offer gum disease treatments in reading.
The Dr BK Gum Clinic in reading can help treat all types of Gum Diseases, contact the Gum clinic to day >>
About gum disease treatment in reading
There are two main types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.
If gingivitis is not treated, the gums begin to pull away from your teeth, leaving a little pocket around the tooth. This pocket traps plaque that you can't reach with a toothbrush. Over time, plaque hardens to tartar (calculus). Plaque and tartar build up, causing further irritation.
The irritation gradually spreads to the bone structures around your teeth. As time goes on, the pockets get deeper and more difficult to clean, and the gum and bone may shrink. This is called periodontitis. The shrinking gums may expose some of the roots of your teeth, making them wobbly and sensitive. If left untreated over a number of years, your teeth may fall out, or need to be taken out by a dentist.
It's rarely possible to make the bone structures grow back, so periodontal pockets are not reversible. However, if you get the appropriate treatment and make sure you floss and brush your teeth well, the progress of the disease can be halted.
In gingivitis, your gums become irritated by plaque - a mixture of food, bacteria and bacterial waste products that builds up on your teeth after eating. If plaque isn't cleaned off your teeth regularly, your gums will become red, swollen and shiny, and they may bleed.
Gingivitis is completely reversible. If the plaque is removed, the gums will recover. If the plaque is not cleaned off the teeth, the gingivitis will remain, and may progress to periodontitis.
Causes of gum disease - Solutions of Gum disease treatment in reading.
Gum disease happens when plaque builds up around teeth that are not cleaned properly. This is more likely to happen if you find it difficult to clean your teeth well, for example if you wear braces or dentures, or have irregularities in your teeth that you can't reach with a toothbrush.
There are other factors that can make you more likely to get gum disease.
- hormonal changes, for example during pregnancy or puberty
In all of these cases though, the main cause of the gum disease is the build up of plaque.
Dr Bob Khanna at the DrBK Clinic can help treat Gum Disease at the Gum Disease Clinic Reading >>
Treatment of gum disease in reading
Your dentist will ask about your symptoms (if you have any) and examine your gums. He or she may also ask you about your medical history.
The type of gum disease treatment you will receive depends on how severe your gum disease has become. Your dentist may provide any treatment you need, or he or she may refer you for treatment with a dental hygienist - a health professional specialising in the prevention and treatment of dental conditions such as periodontal disease.
Symptoms of gum disease
You may not know that you have gum disease. Often it's not painful and some people with gum disease have no symptoms. This is one of the reasons why it's important that you attend regular check-ups with your dentist, as your dentist will be able to see the early signs of gum disease. Usually the first sign of gingivitis is bleeding from the gums when you brush your teeth. Your gums may also be red and swollen. If gingivitis has progressed to periodontitis, your teeth may be wobbly and you may get gum abscesses (pus collecting under the gum).
If you have any of these symptoms, your gum disease may already be quite advanced. You should see your dentist straight away.
If the pockets are too deep for a dentist or hygienist to clean simply by scaling, you may need gum surgery. Your dentist may refer you to a periodontologist (a specialist in treating gum disease) for this. Typically, the surgery involves making some cuts in the gum tissue so that it can be pulled back. This allows the periodontologist to see into the bottom of very deep pockets, meaning that he or she can clean the area much more effectively. Once all the plaque and calculus has been removed, the flap of gum is replaced with some stitches (sutures).
For any of the treatments to be successful you need to put time and effort into cleaning your gums and teeth. You will have to follow your dentist's advice and make sure you remove plaque every day. If you smoke, it's likely that treatment will be less effective.
What can I do to prevent Gum Disease
Preventing gum disease involves controlling the amount of plaque and tartar that builds up on your teeth. Regular visits to your dentist or hygienist, brushing and flossing your teeth properly and stopping smoking will help to do this.
Your dentist or hygienist can show you the correct way to brush, floss and use inter-dental brushes. Dental floss or inter-dental brushes are used to remove plaque and particles of food from between the teeth and under the gum line. These are areas that a toothbrush can't reach.
Even thorough brushing and flossing can't remove every trace of plaque. Most people have irregularities in their teeth where plaque can build up out of reach and harden into tartar. This can only be removed by your dentist or hygienist during scaling.
Dentist - Scaling
If you have gingivitis, your dentist or hygienist will clean your teeth thoroughly with gritty toothpaste using an electric toothbrush and special instruments called scalers. This type of thorough cleaning is called scaling. He or she may also recommend an antiseptic mouthwash that helps prevent plaque forming. He or she will also teach you how to brush and floss your teeth properly.
If gum disease has progressed to periodontitis, you may need more extensive scaling to remove plaque and tartar from the periodontal pockets. This can take several appointments. You may need to have your gums numbed with an injection of local anaesthetic before the scaling. This completely blocks the feeling from your gums, and you remain awake during the treatment. Your dentist or hygienist will monitor the size of the pockets during the following months to make sure the treatment has been successful and the periodontitis is not getting any worse.
Cheek Fillers & Implants
Cheek augmentation is a cosmetic surgery procedure that introduces silicone implants to help regain a plump, youthful look. Typically, an incision is made either below the lower lash line or on the inside of the mouth through which a cheek fillers / implant is inserted.
To create a high cheekbone, the implant is inserted into the upper cheek. To help fill out or plump a sunken face, the implants are inserted into the mid-cheek region. Your Surgeon will select the type of cheek implant most suited to the shape you want.
DrBk can offer a wide range of Cheek filler treatments >>
Cheek Fillers / implant surgery results for Men and Women
Cheek implants are suitable for both men and women looking to enhance their facial definition.
As we age, we tend to lose the fullness in our cheeks and develop minor jowling along the jaw line. Though subtle, these small changes can be very ageing. A cheek enhancement can instantly reverse both of these trends taking years off of your appearance.
The Dr Bob Khanna Clinic in reading offers a great Cheek Filler service, and free advice in a consultation.
A cheek enhancement is a quick, lunchtime procedure that can be done in about an hour.
Following a thorough review of your medical history, your doctor will apply a topical cream to minimise your discomfort during treatment.
Your doctor will then inject an appropriate dermal filler (e.g. Restylane Sub-Q or Radiesse) into the cheek area. This has two immediate affects. First, it restores the buccal fat pad over the cheek, giving you the cheek bones of your youth (or better!). Second, the lifting affect of the cheeks subtly reduces the jowling along the jaw line.
Overall, the slight changes can have a dramatic anti-ageing affect! One of the great things about a cheek enhancement is that the results are instant. You'll probably have some slight redness on the day, which will go away in a day or two. But if you've got a big event coming up, it's a great way to take years off quickly.
Do not hesitate to contact the Dr BK Clinic to see how we can help you with your cheek fillers in reading >>
Smoother looking skin & reduce lines with Dermarolling
Skin needling is the method of pricking the skin with tiny needles to :
- tighten loose skin and reduce lines or wrinkles,
- reduce scarring (e.g. acne scars, surgical scars, pitted scars/indented scars, raised scars/hypertrophic scars)
- restore normal skin pigmentation (e.g. hypopigmented, hyperpigmented or uneven skin)
Dermarolling is skin needling done with a dermaroller. A dermaroller is a hand-held roller with a surface of tiny needles. They come in different lengths and sizes.
A look at what happens to skin during and after needling
Why skin needling and dermarolling can be effective
To understand why skin needling or dermarolling can be so effective to all the conditions above, it’s necessary to have a basic understanding of what happens after skin is pricked by a needle deep enough to cause pinprick bleeding.
To the human eye, after the skin is pricked by tiny needles, the pinpricks will bleed slightly, scab and then heal. This appears to be the end of the story. But it isn’t.
Beneath the skin’s surface, much more is going on. In fact, the healing response which begins immediately upon the injury kick-starts a healing process that last for several months, and up to a year. This natural healing process is when the real improvements take place.
An overview of the needling/dermarolling healing process over a 12-month period
- Fibroblast will migrate to the injured site and produce and deposit new extracellular matrix
- The new matrix cross-links and organizes itself
- Over time, new collagen will:
- fill in any depressed scars and deep lines that are present
- break down and reorganize any scar tissue
- realign and stimulate new pigmentation
- After a few months, this new collagen will start to shorten. This leads to the slow tightening of the skin.
- After a year, this healing process will eventually lead to the formation of a thick layer of collagen, healthy elastin and improved blood flow at the initial injury site. Nestled in a small area, each needle prick’s healing process will blend seamlessly together to lay down an almost continuous sheet of collagen below the epidermis.
- The visbile results of these can be that:
- Hard or raised scars will soften and flatten
- Indented scars like acne pits will fill in and appear less depressed
- Lines and wrinkles will soften, revealing tighter and smoother skin
- Hypo-pigmented areas will regain coloring, while hyperpigmented (darkened) skin will lighten to the color of normal skin
- Restored nerve endings will renew the skin sensitivity for badly damaged areas
The advantages of skin needling and dermarolling
The surface skin remains intact. Unlike lasers which burn through the skin’s layers, including the topmost surface layer that is visible to us (the epidermis), needling does not destroy the surface layer. The tiny pinpricks will bleed with the initial injuries but these heal quickly, leaving the visible skin intact. As the skin is intact, there is no peeling or molting involved. And with that, very little downtime (roughly 5 days).
Low maintenance. The long healing process underneath will happen without any intervention. You may have to needle the site a few times for the best results, but other than that, your own body’s healing mechanism will do all the work.
Needling results in thicker and healthier skin. Needling does not permanently damage skin like lasers can. In fact, the skin’s natural healing mechanisms leads to healthier and thicker skin.
- If you decide to start skin needling and intend to do it yourself, you should be prepared for some amount of pain. The pain can range from mild discomfort and redness (for shallow pricking) to that of getting a tattoo (for needle pricks that penetrate about 1.5 mm into the dermis and cause slight bleeding).
- In general, deeper needle penetrations into the dermis produces better collagen and elastin production. The breaking of blood vessels appears to be key to kick-starting the 12-month healing and reorganizing phase. Anecdotal evidence supports this as some people have reported that treated areas that bled and scabbed led to better results than ones that didn’t.With very short needle lengths, the needle only reaches the topmost layer and there may be improvements but no dramatic results. However, even with very short needle lengths you may find improvements as any topicals you use after needling will penetrate deeper and become more effective many times over.
The Dr BK Clinic offer Chemical Peels in our Reading Clinic
Chemical peels for skin rejuvenation are good at rejuvenating complexion and promoting refreshed looks. Wrinkles evidence skin aging processes. Most people would like to avoid them. Therefore, it is a common trend to rejuvenate complexion. Most rejuvenating creams and lotions are claimed to be better than they actually are but chemical peels are a great option for mature and damaged skin.
Chemical peel types
Following chemical peel types can be differed on the basis of their strength and concentration:
Mild peels based on alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or dry ice. Such peels affect top epidermis layers and treat acne, surface scars, discoloration and fine lines;
Medium peels affect deeper layers. They make use of TCA combined with other ingredients to constrict pores, resurface skin and remove imperfections and discoloration. Most widespread medium peels are CA peels. Peel depth is subjected to TCA strength or concentration.
Deep peels affect several skin layers at a time and lead to second-degree burn. Phenol is a common ingredient used for really aged and deeply wrinkled skin.
Rejuvenating chemical peels at the Clinic
Chemical peel procedures imply application of chemicals in different proportions on the face. Rejuvenating chemical peel exfoliates and eliminates dead epithelium cells exposing renewed young skin. The choice of chemicals for skin rejuvenation depends on the peel type: superficial or deep.
Rejuvenating chemical peels eliminate layers of damaged epidermis to improve complexion. The doctor to perform this procedure puts the solution to contain glycolic or trichloroacetic acid (TCA), salicylic, lactic or carbolic acid or Jessner
How does Azzalure injections work?
Azzalure injections contain the active ingredient botulinum toxin type A, which is a toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. Botulinum toxin type A is a bacterial toxin that prevents nerves from functioning normally (a neurotoxin). It prevents nerves from releasing a chemical called acetylcholine, which is essential for the nerves to communicate with muscle cells. This toxin therefore prevents muscles from receiving nerve stimulation. Preventing nerve stimulation of muscles causes the muscles to become paralysed. Botulinum toxin type A causes muscle paralysis until such time as the nerve develops new endings to communicate with the muscles.
What are the benefits of Azzalure?
Azzalure injections normally takes an average of 2 to 3 days to start working, although it may take a little longer for the full effects to be seen. The speeds of action will depend on the strength of your facial muscles and your individual response to the injection. Hopefully you will be please with the effects of Azzalure. Azzalure can reduce the severity of glabellar lines for up to 4 months.
Azzalure injections are administered into the muscle above and between the eyebrows to temporarily paralyse and relax these muscles. They are used to cosmetically improve the appearance of vertical frown lines between the eyebrows. These injections only provide a short-term improvement.
They are only used when the appearance of frown lines is prominent and is having an important psychological effect on an individual. An improvement in the appearance of the frown lines between the eyebrows is generally seen after two or three days. The effect of these injections lasts for up to four months. For a continued effect you would need to keep having the injections every three to four months.
What can be treated with Azzalure?
Azzalure is used to treat cosmetic conditions that typically result with age. The glabellar muscles in the forehead often produce “frown lines” or folds above the eyebrows and directly above the bridge of the nose. Azzalure injections will reduce or remove these wrinkles or lines temporarily. The results have been typically observed to last between three and six months.
For further anti-wrinkle treatments or further information on Azzalure just contact the clinic >>
What is the difference between Botox and Azzalure?
The answer is there is no difference between these products. Botox has become a worldwide household name, but what many people do not realise is that Botox is a Brand name for the product Butulinum Toxin.
Azzalure is another brand of botulinum which reduces the appearance of vertical frown lines by weakening the muscles just like Botox.
Azzalure is not a new product, it has been around in the UK since the 1990's but it's brand has only been recognised widely since 2009.
What is the procedure?
On the Day - Before injecting Azzalure any make-up will be removed and the skin disinfected. Your practitioner will then study your facial muscles to see how they work, as individuals can differ. The injections should be painless, but a local anaesthetic cream can be used prior to treatment. To treat frown lines, Azzalure is injected with a fine needle above and in between your eyebrows. The treatment session will last around 15 minutes and you can return to your usual daily activities immediately afterwards. Your practitioner will tell you more about how to look after your skin following your treatment.
Contact DrBK Clinic for further information about Azzalure injections
Azzalure Botox normally takes an average of 2 to 3 days to start working, although it may take a little longer for the full effects to be seen. The speeds of action will depend on the strength of your facial muscles and your individual response to the injection. Hopefully you will be please with the effects of Azzalure Botox. Azzalure Botox can reduce the severity of glabellar lines for up to 4 months.